The new poor in the country are now 2 crores 45 lakhs
The agricultural sector of the country has shown extraordinary skill. The income of people of all professions participating in the survey except farmers has decreased in March this year as compared to February 2020.
2 crore 45 lakh people have become poor in the country due to Covid’s injury. According to a new survey, by March 2021, the number of this new poor class in the country has reached 14.75 percent of the population. Until June 2020, which was 21.24 percent.
According to the survey, those who generally live above the poverty line, but can go below the poverty line, at any rate, have been labeled as the new poor. However, it has been found that the number of new poor people is higher in urban areas than in rural areas. As of March, this year, the number of new poor in urban areas is 59 percent, while in rural areas it is 44 percent. From this calculation, this calculation of the new poor (14.75 percent) has been estimated at the national level.
The information was presented at a press conference on the occasion of the release of the results of a survey conducted by the Power and Participation Research Center (PPRC) and BRAC Institute of Governance and Development (BIGD) on Tuesday. PPRC Executive Chairman Hossain Zillur Rahman and BIGD Executive Director Imran Matin were present at the release ceremony of the survey (first part) titled ‘Poverty Dynamics and Household Realities’.
Speaking on the occasion, Hossain Zillur Rahman said that Covid’s injuries were not felt in the same way everywhere. Its impact in the village is less than in the city. That is why the lives of urban slum dwellers are much more vulnerable than those of rural workers.
According to the survey, 28.3 percent of slum dwellers left the city last year and moved to villages, of which 9.8 percent have not returned yet. Although the income of the slum dwellers of the city has decreased as compared to the pre-covid period, the non-food expenditure has doubled in March this year as compared to last June. He thinks this is a harsh reality for most of the urban poor living in rented houses. Everyone’s savings have dropped dramatically. The amount of savings of the vulnerable poor and non-poor class people has come down from the previous condition. At the same time, the borrowing rate has doubled in all categories. As a result, the overall poverty rate among survey participants increased overall by 4 percent.
However, Hossain Zillur Rahman mentioned that the agricultural sector of the country has shown extraordinary skill. He said that the income of people of all professions participating in the survey except farmers has decreased as compared to February 2020. But when it comes to recovery, it refers to the larger sectors of the macroeconomy, such as the ready-made garments sector. Agriculture is not spoken that way at the national level.
On the occasion, Imran Matin drew attention to the unemployment of women. He said that the participation of women in the labor market of the country is low, in this corona situation, women may fall further away from the labor market. He further said that the plight of the poor is increasing due to changing jobs and taking risky jobs like day laborers.
Apart from journalists, economists and people from the developing world were also present at the press conference.